CRM: Full Guide & Definition
In this guide, you will get a comprehensive overview of what CRM stands for, and how it is used in sales, marketing and customer support. We will answer all of your questions and explain in simple language how this software tool can make your customers happier while also boosting sales and productivity.
Feel free to skip around by clicking through the table of contents below:
What does CRM stand for?
CRM stands for Customer Relationship Management. It is an acronym you may see before words like “software”, “platform”, or “solution.”
But a simple CRM definition does not explain the whole picture.
Customer relationship management technology allows you to develop and nurture meaningful customer relationships. This tool streamlines the way you track and utilise customer information. It serves as the source of truth for your business, capturing all interactions across sales, support and marketing. And centralising all that in one place. The benefits, of course, are that everyone is on the same page with a single view of the customer and visibility into their journey and the sales pipeline.
Nowadays, not even the most organised team can keep track of all the data that builds up during a customer’s experience with your organisation. And if the ball is dropped at any point along the customer lifecycle, the customer can easily drop you.
That is why a cohesive CRM system is so important for customer-obsessed businesses. By gathering, storing and analysing important customer metrics such as purchase history, behaviour patterns and personal preferences, your agents gain a deeper understanding of what makes your customers tick.
Personalised, relevant on-topic communication makes for satisfied customers. And satisfied customers are good for business.
What Is CRM?
At its most basic, CRM software acts as a contact management application. You can learn more about contact management software here. It is a platform used for storing phone numbers, emails, social media handles, addresses, purchasing history and even preferred methods of communication. Using all of this data, customer relationship management technology then prioritises your leads, automatically setting you up to engage with prospects who are most likely to bite.
Even when a touchpoint does not lead to a sale, the software records every interaction across a range of channels. This frees up your reps from manual data entry and gives them lots of useful content that can be used to personalise future messaging.
It also comes with a host of automation possibilities, getting rid of much of the repetitive grunt work involved in marketing, sales and customer support, saving your team valuable time.
CRM systems filter these tasks and data through a centralised dashboard. With everything available in one place, departments can easily view and share up-to-date information. Dashboards can also be customised and integrated with other businesses and sales apps to suit your organisation’s unique needs.
Ultimately, the goal of customer relationship management systems is to attract new customers and keep the ones you have happy. It is a system of building and maintaining trust with the people who keep your business running and growing. And as an added bonus? It lets your agents ditch tedious and time-wasting tasks. Happiness all around.
What are the features of CRM?
If you think of it as a brain covering the entire customer journey, its features are the different neural pathways that connect and lead back to a central processing centre. Some pathways help with workflow and sales automation, others with reporting and analytics, others with call centre solutions. Whatever your needs, its features allow individual departments to handle highly specialised tasks with insight.
Let us look at a few.
Analytics help your team figure out what customers are interested in, how to contact them and when they need a personalised nudge.
Sales forecasting allows agents to view past sales data, identify impactful trends and compare industry standards in order to make better predictions.
Performance metrics from sales trackers let you know if you are on track to reach your goals or if your pipeline needs tweaking.
Some platforms even offer some lead generation software functionality, helping you increase demand generation.
A key element of a customer relationship management system is that it is highly customisable. Your company can add the features that are most useful for your sales process and forgo the ones your particular organisation has no use for.
Here is a quick glance at some of the useful features you may choose to include in your CRM system:
Email tracking and notifications
Click to call auto dialler
Benefits of CRM
CRM features add up to major benefits for you and your team. Sales, marketing, customer support and project management can save time, stay organised and access deeper sales insights when using it.
Here is what integrating customer relationship management can do for your business.
Stay organised – finally
No more jumbled spreadsheets or relying on the limits of human memory. Seeing customer data organised in one place gives you a superior view of how business is going, allowing you to detect patterns and catch bottlenecks in the pipeline.
Set goals and track their progress
Set high-level goals with easily implemented analytical tools. Track agent progress and stay informed the moment anyone falls behind or goes off course. Having the big picture at hand lets you see who is handling what and where your efforts are most needed in keeping everyone on track to hit quarterly targets.
Personalise customer interactions
Customers know you have a product to sell, but that does not mean they want to feel like just any buyer. A CRM gives you the tools to gather personal information for crafting messages that are most likely to resonate with your target customers. When customers feel seen as individuals with unique needs, they are more likely to become – and stay – loyal for the long term.
Target your customer base
When you are able to view all the data from your existing customer base, you begin to notice patterns. Understanding who is buying from you allows you to seek out similar prospects, reducing the effort you would otherwise spend on throwing out a wide, generalised net.
Keep the customers you have got (and keep them happier)
If a customer keeps coming back, it is important to know why. Once you identify the aspects of your organisation that keep customers returning to your door, you can build on your success to keep more customers happy. And when a buyer knows that their experience with your product or service is just as important to you as the money they spent on it, they will provide something a CRM cannot: word of mouth.
Drive business growth
With no more panic about losing customers between the cracks, you will feel confident about scaling your business. Increasing customer retention rates means that you can plan for expansion with less fear that your bottom line will suffer as you introduce new products or services.
Increase collaboration between teams
When everyone is on the same page using the up-to-date information from your sales dashboard, teams can easily collaborate. Marketers and salespeople use the same data to craft consistent messaging, so no one is confused about who is making what promises.
Upselling is easier when you know who your customers are and what they want. Like a bartender who knows what the regulars like to order, marketing and sales can be strategic about when and how they jump into action, rather than throwing everything at the wall and hoping something sticks. Your sales teams are also able to spend more time actually making sales, instead of on repetitive tasks like data entry.
What are some CRM examples?
A CRM is like a good restaurant server – the diners barely notice them, yet the water glass is always filled.
Though this may be your first time digging into the nitty-gritty of CRM definitions, the fact is you have likely been engaging with it for as long as you have been a consumer.
Smartphone users, for instance, are constantly providing an influx of useful information about their consumer habits when they use applications, plug their questions into search engines, and make purchases. All of this data is scooped up to personalise service and target marketing. Advertisers on social media apps are not psychic. They simply use customer relationship management to know what their customers are most likely interested in.
And it is not just tech companies using CRM to get personal with their customers. Almost every retail chain nowadays uses it to offer promotions, track customer loyalty cards and points, handle customer satisfaction issues and engage on social media with targeted consumers.
Take off your entrepreneur hat and look at your personal consuming habits. You will probably find that many of the products and services you use were put in front of you not by chance, but by strategic planning.
What is CRM in sales and marketing?
What is CRM in Sales?
Salespeople have to cover a lot of ground. A robust CRM system lets your agents follow customers along the entire sales pipeline and see when more engagement is needed. And because customer relationship management automates many of the repetitive tasks required for daily workflow, your salespeople have more time to engage with customers in a productive way.
It also provides seamless sales management tools with up-to-date conversion and activity overview reports. Having real-time knowledge of where salespeople are falling short helps managers know where more coaching might be needed, which leads to a stronger overall salesforce.
What is CRM in Marketing?
A CRM platform give marketing teams an in-depth understanding of their target audience. With personalised information, a marketing CRM provides the insight required to build campaigns that resonate. The data gathered by your CRM system – including likes, dislikes, interests, and demographic details – provides a clear portrait of your customer from which you can craft hard-hitting and effective ads.
Additionally, CRMs furnish real-time reports on how campaigns are performing. A/B testing lets marketers see which campaigns have the most customer engagement, and real-time communication with sales lets them know when qualified leads turn into buyers. With this information, marketing teams can further pinpoint their work using data-driven techniques to attract even more customers to your door.
What is CRM in customer service?
The use of customer relationship management in creating top-notch customer service and support cannot be understated. A good CRM allows your business to meet customers where they are. That means providing support anytime, anywhere. The conversation is always connected and always ongoing via messaging, live chat, social media, email or voice.
The right software will also help customers help themselves. An integrated help centre and forum allows customers to resolve issues on their own time, at their own speed. That also helps reduce resolution time for your support agents.
Speaking of your agents, the right CRM streamlines the support workflow from front to back. All responses are managed and sent from a unified place. Agents become more efficient as they work with routing and sales intelligence technology. And, importantly, all that allows your company to provide customer support at scale. So you can stop worrying about customers and start putting all your effort into growth.
To read more about tools for scaling your business, check out our article about ERP vs CRM.
How do you create a successful CRM strategy?
Getting the most out of your CRM platform is not as simple as choosing a nifty-looking software and installing it. Like all technology, customer relationship management solutions need to be approached with a strategy specific to your needs.
To begin, you should have a clear goal for what you want your CRM to do for you. What does CRM mean for your business specifically? Confer with team members across departments to truly understand who is engaging with customers and in what way. Identify any habitual failings in your customer relations. These gaps are key to building a plan for how you can best implement your CRM software.
You will also want to create a detailed buyer profile. Ask yourself what your ideal customer journey looks like as they move through your sales funnel. You may find that there are certain features that you will utilise more than others.
Most importantly, make sure you are communicating with your team about why you are considering using a CRM system. They will likely ask the same questions you have been asking: What is it? Why use it? What about a free CRM trial? Give them a clear picture of what your implementation will look like and how it will benefit them in order to guarantee buy-in.
Let them know that technology is there to make their lives easier. The goal of customer relationship management is to simplify, not overwhelm. When everyone is informed and on the same page, your company will be in the best position to make the most of your CRM system.
How do you know your CRM system is effective?
Once you start using CRM software to streamline your daily workflow, you will want to know if it is actually working.
To begin, make sure you are setting specific, measurable goals. Then, keep a sharp eye on sales data. Close rates, upsell rates, new-net revenue and length of sales cycle will tell you if you are either headed in the right direction or falling short. If you find that your customer acquisition cost (CAC) is stagnant, you may have to invest time in additional CRM training for your team.
Keep in mind that the true power of CRM is in the way you use your data. Any CRM system can give you numbers and analytics, but you have to know how to interpret them and where to pivot to get the most out of your customer relationship management experience.
Try CRM for free
Sell is the powerful and user-friendly Zendesk CRM software for sales teams that offers a 14-day free trial. You can test out all of its capabilities before committing to a plan.
Zendesk Sell offers a full range of features, including email automation, power dialling, analytics, a self-service portal and so much more. And because a smooth learning curve is key to successful CRM implementation, our team of experts are available 24/7 to help you make the most of your CRM experience.
We have more to say about this. Have a look below.
There are a lot more where this came from. Keep exploring the world of customer management systems, global customer relationships and CRM.